On April 6, 2019, Sudanese people made history, when millions of protesters marched toward the military head quarter in Khartoum demanding the military leaders to take the side of the people’s, and force the regime of Omer AlBashir to step down. By the end of the day of April 6, protesters decided to make an open sit in beside the military headquarter until the regime fall. In this sit in, women took the main leadership role. They organized the people, arranged for food and water to help the hundreds of thousands of people to remain in the place. In short, Sudanese women are making history and redefining the power of the people, where women are leaders not followers anymore.
For women in war areas of Sudan in particular, the fight against the former regime has different dimensions. Sexual violence and mass rapes were part of the weapons used in Darfur Genocide. Thousand Darfuri women were raped according to international human rights groups. That led to Bashir being convicted of crimes against humanity and genocide crimes by the ICC, which included planning mass rapes. For all these reasons, women in Darfur and other regions led the uprising that ousted Bashir.
Although Bashir has fallen, the resistance continues. Because the main demand for Sudanese people and the victims of Bashir is to hold him accountable for his crimes. The victims of the Islamic regime in Sudan deserve no less than complete justice. This demand can only be accomplished by a civilian government that can deconstruct all the regime militias and institutions. Unfortunately, the coup that pushed Bashir out of power is also led by war criminals. The vice president of the military council that ruling the country now is Hemiti, the leader of the Rapid Support Forces, which is the new name of Janjweed militias, that committed genocidal crimes in Darfur, and sexual violence in Darfur, Nuba mountains and other areas.
The transition from Bashir regime into a democratic civilians government will not be easy. But the people are determined to remain on streets until all the demands of the revolution of freedom, justice and peace are fully achieved. Amid this difficult conditions, Sudanese women resistance needs the solidarity from women allover the world. At this critical moment Sudanese women needs all the support to reclaim their rights and insure justice for all Bashir regime victims, especially victims of sexual and gender based violence. As women human rights advocacy group, we believe that without transitional justice, Sudan transition toward peace and stability will be impossible. The current uprising in Sudan will continues until the killers of those sacrificed their lives are held accountable.
The fall of Bashir is only the first step to bring justice for all the victims of his regime. Human rights defenders in Sudan, especially women are leading a tough fight against all the remaining figures of the former regime. The days to come are going to be the hardest to insure that Sudan will move forward into the right path. The change that Sudan people deserve is yet to come. Accountability, justice and freedom are the most important foundations for sustainable peace and stability in Sudan. Sudanese human rights groups need support for their efforts to hold the leaders of former regime accountable. We need urgent action to insure full accountability for violence against committed by Bashir and all of his regime leaders.